Global warming is a big challenge to international community which is affecting the world environment. In this challenge, Government of
India has determined to have 40% of power generating from renewables by 2030.
Government is desirable to develop at least one city of each state and union territories as solar city. A city will be termed as Solar city if all houses will have solar energy plants installed on the rooftop and all electricity demand of the city are completely fulfilled by solar energy or other renewable energy resources. If total power generated by renewable sources for a particular city is equal to or more than the electricity demand of that city then city will become eligible to be called as “Solar City”.
To reduce the carbon footprint, the Government of India has launched the Grid Connected Rooftop Scheme Phase – II.
Under this scheme, Government will provide 40% of the cost of installing the solar rooftop plants of capacity upto 3 kW and 20% for plants of capacity from 3 kW to 10 kW.
Central Financial Assistance of 20% will also be provided to Resident Welfare Associations/Group Housing Societies for installation of Rooftop solar upto 500 kW for common facilities services.
The objective of this scheme is to install solar on most, if not all rooftops in the city.
The procedure is to select an integrator from the list of empaneled integrator which will be publicized by the distribution company for installing solar on rooftop over houses. Solar Panels can be installed on RESCO mode or CAPEX mode.
In both the cases the Central Government subsidy can be availed by the consumer. In the RESCO mode no direct investment will be required from the consumer. The additional investment required for installation over and above the subsidy will be made by the RESCO Operator and he will recover it through tariff, which can also be collected by the DISCOM through its monthly bill and paid to the RESCO Operator.
The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is planning to introduce a number of schemes so that power costs of a city shall come down drastically, net emission will come down to zero and carbon footprints to decline to lowest level.